M.Engg. - Environmental Engineering

M.Engg. - Environmental Engineering Courses
Compulsory Course
Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
EN-515 Air Pollution and Control 3
EN-523 Analysis of Environmental Contaminants 3
EN-524 Wastewater Engineering 3
EN-525 Physico Chemical Processes 3
EN-526 Solid Waste Management 3


Elective Courses
Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
EN-501 Introduction to Environmental Engineering 3
EN-502 Environmental Applied Sciences 3
EN-503 Advanced Mathematics 3
EN-508 Environment Impact Assessment 3
EN-509 Modeling in Environmental Engineering 3
EN-510 Process Dynamics in Environmental Systems 3
EN-511 Environmental Management 3
EN-513 Industrial Waste Treatment & Disposal 3
EN-514 Water Resources Managment 3
EN-518 Sustainable Development and Appropriate Technology 3
EN-519 Introduction to Ocean and Coastal Engineering 3
EN-520 Marine Pollution and Control 3
EN-521 Special Topics in Environmental Engineering 3
EN-527 Environmental Health and Sanitation 3
EN-528 Urban Water Supply and Sewer System Design 3
EN-5002 Thesis 6


5.5.1 Detailed Contents of Courses for the M. Engg. Program in Environmental Engineering 
EN-515 Air Pollution and Control

Physical and chemical composition of the atmosphere; Physical and chemical characteristics of gaseous and particulate air pollutants; Air pollution meteorology; Classification, pathways and atmospheric reactions of air pollutants; Air quality criteria and emission standards (national and international); Impacts of air pollutants on living and non-living environments; Dispersion modelling of air pollutants; Air quality management philosophies and strategies; Monitoring / control techniques and strategies for air pollutants Carbon foot printing.


EN-523 Analysis of Environmental Contaminants

Standard Methods for Testing Data Quality, Quality Control / Quality Assurance Procedures, Introduction to ISO 17025 (Laboratory Management), Collection of Samples, Preservation Techniques, Safety Rules for Laboratory, Calibration of Instruments.
Analytical Techniques: Colorimetry, Gravimetric, and Electro Chemical Methods, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry and Gas Chromatography.

Performance and Determination of Physical / Chemical Characteristics of Water, Wastewater, Solid Waste, Soils and Air, Microbiological Examinations of Water and Wastewater, Toxicity Tests for Aquatic Organisms.


EN-524 Wastewate Engineering

Pre-design Studies, Wastewater characteristics; Pretreatment; Primary Treatment; Reactor design; Process Kinetics; Biological Treatment (aerobic and anaerobic); Suspended-growth processes: activated-sludge, sequencing batch reactor and aerated lagoons; Attached-growth processes: trickling filter and rotating biological contactor; Natural treatment systems: ponds and constructed wetlands.


EN-525 Physico Chemical Processes
  Coagulation and Flocculation, Sedimentation, Filtration, Adsorption, Ion-Exchange, Membrane Processes, Chemical Oxidation, Distillation, Corrosion, Disinfection Sludge management
EN-526 Solid Waste Management

Waste generation; waste classification; Waste collection; Transfer and transport of solid waste; Waste characterization; sampling and analyzing wastes; Waste reduction & recycling; Thermal treatment: incineration, gasification, pyrolysis, combined heat and power, waste to energy; Composting; Anaerobic digestion (biogas); Landfilling; Bioremediation of contaminated sites.



EN-501 Introduction to Environmental Engineering

Characteristics of Natural Resources, Ecology and Eco Systems, Cycles in Nature, Environmental Quality Objectives, Environmental Legislation, Standards and Technologies, Interrelations of Air, Water Pollutions and Solid Waste Management, Radiation, Noise Pollution, Effect of Pathogens and Chemicals on Health, Economics of Environmental Pollution Control.


EN-502 Environmental Applied Sciences
  Physical, Chemical and Biochemical Properties of Water, Wastewater, Air, and Solid Waste, Aquatic Chemistry and Sediment Characteristics, Basic Principles of Biology, Biochemistry and Microbiology with Emphasis on Energetic, Biogeochemistry Cycling and Interactions among Biological Populations and Influence of Environmental Factors on the Growth and Distributions of Biological Life in Different Environments, Concepts of Biotechnology as Applied to the Pollution Control and Waste Conversion.
EN-503 Advance Mathematics

Part - I Numerical Analysis 
Error Analysis and Computer Arithmetic, Linear Systems of Algebraic Equations, Solution of Large System of Linear Algebraic Equations, Nonlinear Algebraic Equations, Finite Difference, Polynomial Approximation for Equally and Unequally Spaced Arguments, Interpolation and Extrapolation, Numerical Differentiation and Integration.

Part - II Probability & Statistics.
Probability: Definitions, Sample Space, Events, Laws of Probability, Conditional Probability, Dependent and Independent Events, Review of Measures of Central Tendency and Measures of Dispersion.

Random Variable: Introduction, Distribution Function, Discrete Random Variable and its Probability Distribution, Continuous Random Variable and its Probability Density Function, Mathematical Expectation of a Random Variable, Moment Generating Functions.

Probability Distribution: Binomial, Poisson, Uniform, Exponential and Normal Distribution Functions and their Approximation to Poisson Distribution.

Sampling and Estimation, Statistical Tests, Regression Analysis, Analysis of Variants, Design of Experiments.


EN-508 Environmental Impact Assessment

Introduction and history of EIA, Purpose and Aims of EIA, Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Legal background and guidance, Environmental Issues and Priorities, SEPA standard guidelines for preparation and reviews of environmental reports, Framework for environmental assessment (ecological, human health, social risk assessment) recommended by international organisations, Environmental laws and regulations in Pakistan, Stakeholder involvement, Screening, Scoping, Assessment methods and techniques, Mitigation measures, EIA reporting, Review of EIA report, Decision making, Environmental management plan and monitoring, Case studies.


EN-509 Modeling in Environmental Engineering
  Fundamental Principles of Deterministic and Stochastic Modeling applied to Environmental Problems, Utilisation of Mathematical Software for the Development of Computer Models and Simulation related to Treatment Plant Performance, Stream and Lake Modeling and Contaminant Dispersion in Air, Water and Soil.
EN-510 Process Dynamics in Environmental Systems
  Dynamics of Transformation in Processes in Natural and Engineered Environmental Systems, Application of Ideal and Non-ideal Reactor Concepts to System Modeling, Energetics and Rates of Mass Transport and Reaction Processes in Surface and Groundwater, Treatment Operations and other Systems of Concern in Environmental Engineering.
EN-511 Environmental Management
  Environmental organisation, Legislation, Environmental management system, Risk analysis, Monitoring and compliance Assurance, Environmental Economics, Sustainable planning and development, Environmental decision-making for Industries and infrastructure projects, ISO 14001, Life cycle assessment.
EN-513 Industrial Waste Treatment and Disposal

Industrial processes, Waste characterisation, Environmental legislation, Treatment processes and optimisation, Industrial waste treatment technologies, Recovery and recycling, Sludge management, Waste disposal techniques, Industrial pollution prevention plan, Case studies.


EN-514 Water Resources Management
  Metrology and Hydrologic Cycle, Precipitation, Infiltration and Evapotranspiration, Stream Flow Hydrographs, Flood Routing, Hydrograph Analysis, Ground Water Hydrology, Well Hydraulics, Application of Hydrology Problem (Volume and Peak Discharge Management, Water Logging Control, Water Quality Management etc.)
EN-518 Sustainable Development & Appropriate Technology
  Development Policies and their Economic and Social Implication, Urban and Rural Inter-relations and the effects on Employment, Migration and the Natural Environment, Urban Infrastructure System and Housing Program Related to General System Properties such as Scale, Regulation, Financing and Pricing Linking those to the Interpretations of Sustainable Development, Rational Use of Land and Water for Sustainable Regional Development.
EN-519 Introduction to Ocean and Coastal Engineering

Fundamental Aspects of Incompressible Fluid Mechanics and its Applications to Analysis of Wave Motions, Circulations, and other Free Surface Flows in Coastal and Offshore Regions, Wave Spectra, Water-Level Fluctuation, Tides Dynamics, Oscillations and Storm Surges, Wind-Surges, Wind Generated Waves including Wave Statistics and Wave Spectra, Beaches, Sediment Transport in the Coastal Regime, Estuaries and Deltas, Response of Beaches to Wave Action and Structures, Tidal Inlets, Beach Nourishment, Wind Transport in Sand Dune Stabilisation.


EN-520 Marine Pollution and Control
  Effects of Pollution Discharges, Oil Spills, Coast Development, Beach Erosion, Channel Dredging and Changing Sea-Level on Marine Environment and Control Measures, Modeling for Pollution Dispersion, Study of Marine Biology (Organism, Fisheries and Mangroves), Coastal Geology and Estuarine Ecology, Marine Resources Management.
EN-521 Special Topics in Environmental Engineering
History and Scope of Remote Sensing, Electromagnetic Radiation, Photogrammetry, Mosaics, Digital Data, Satellite Characteristics, Image Resolution, Remote Sensing Imagery Types, Remote Sensing Satellites, Pre-Processing, Image Classification, Accuracy Assessment, Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing, ERDAS Imagine Software.
EN-527 Environmental Health and Sanitation
  Environmental health frameworks (Driving Force, Pressure, State, Exposure, Effect, Action), Physical, chemical and biological factors for development of communicable and non-communicable diseases, Introduction to toxicology, Routes of transmission of hazards (inhalation, ingestion, skin), Water, food and air borne diseases and control, Industrial hygiene, Design of onsite sanitation systems.
EN-528 Urban Water Supply and Sewer System Design

Water requirement, Sources of water supply, Water transmission, Hydraulics, Water distribution Components, Methods of analysis, Water conservation, Wastewater and storm water collection, Hydraulics of sewer systems, Design of sewer systems, Materials and appurtenances, Pumps and pumping stations.