MEM – Environmental Management

Environmental Management Courses
Compulsory Courses
Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
EM-501 Organisational Systems 3
EM-502 Accounting and Financial Management 3
EM-503 Strategic Planning and Decision Making 3
EM-504 Project Management Framework and Tools 3
EM-505 Operations Research 3


Common Elective Courses
Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
EM-511 Total Quality Management 3
EM-512 Project Evaluations and Feasibility Analysis 3
EM-513 Research Methods in Engineering Management 3


Elective Courses
Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
EN-523 Analysis of Environmental Contaminants 3
EN-530 Environmental System Engineering 3
EN-531 Environmental Quality Management 3
EN-532 Civil Systems and the Environment 3
EN-533 Environmental Risk Assessment 3
EN-534 Environmental Law and Policy Development 3
EN-535 Ecology and Sustainability 3
EN-536 Waste and Pollution Management 3
EN-537 Water Quality Management 3
EN-538 Principles of Air Quality Management 3
EN-539 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure in Developing Countries 3
EN-540 Health Safety & Environmental Management 3
EN-541 Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Management 3
EN-5002 Thesis 6


Detailed Contents of Environmental Management Courses
EM-501 Organisational Systems

Definitions of Management, Evolution of Management Thought, Classical, Quantitative and Behavioral Schools, Interactions between Organisations and their Environments, the Planning Process, Strategic and Tactical Planning, Developing Planning Premises, Nature of Managerial Decision Making, Quantitative Aids, Management by Objectives, Organisational Structures, Behavior of the Individual, Work Group and Organisation, Coordination and Spans of Control, the Informal Organisation, Authority Delegation and Decentralisation, Groups and Committees, Managing Organisational Change and Conflict, Motivation, Performance and Satisfaction, Building a High-performance Team,  Leadership, Interpersonal and Organisational Communication, Staffing and Personal Function, the Control Process, Budgetary and Non-budgetary Methods of Control, Team Performance Measurement and Improvement Strategies,  Use of Management Information Systems.


EM-502 Accounting and Financial Management
  Foundations of Finance with Applications in Corporate Finance and Investment Management, Major Financial Decisions made by Corporate Managers and Investors with Focus on Process Valuation, Criteria for Investment Decisions, Valuation of Financial Assets and Liabilities, Relationships between Risks and Return, Market Efficiency, the Valuation of Derivative Securities, Major Corporate Financial Instruments including Debt, Equity and Convertible Securities, Analysis and Projection of Financial Statements, Cost Elements in Pricing, Cost Control and Design of Accounting Systems.
EM-503 Strategic Planning and Decision Making

Critical Issues in Shaping the Competitive Strategy for Engineering-driven Companies in the Turbulent Business Environment, Corporate Mission, Key Result Areas and Situational Analysis including Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats, Identifying Planning Assumptions, Critical Issues, Setting Objectives, Formulating Strategy, Managing Technology as a Strategic Resource of the Firm, Understanding of the Process Role and Rewards of Technological Innovation, Integrating the Strategic Relationship of Technology with Strategic Planning, Marketing, Finance, Engineering and Manufacturing, Government, Societal and International Issues, Issues Pertaining to Cultural Diversity and Ethical Concerns, Subjective, Judgmental and Expert Decisions, Conflict Resolution in Strategic Decisions involving Technological Alternative, Hierarchical Decision Modeling, Individual and Aggregate Decisions, Decision Discrepancies and Evaluation of Group Disagreements.


EM-504 Project Management Framework and Tools
  Role of Projects in Organisation’s Competitive Strategy, Standard Methodologies for Managing Projects, Project Life Cycle, Design-implementation Interface, Estimating, Preliminary and Detailed, Contractual Risk Allocation, Scheduling, PBS, WBS, Integration of Scope, Time, Resource and Cost Dimensions of a Project, Evaluation of Labor, Material, Equipment, and Subcontract Resources, Scheduling Techniques including CPM/ PERT, GERT, Critical Chain; Solving Real-world Project Schedules, Monte Carlo Simulation, Cost Budgeting, Cost Baseline, Cash Flow Analysis, Earned Value Analysis, Cost Control, Proposal Presentation, Application of Software for Project Management (MS Project, P3).
EM-505 Operations Research

Deterministic Modeling, Linear Programming, the Simplex Method, Multiple Objective Linear Optimisation, Duality and Sensitivity Analysis, Post Optimality Analysis from the Viewpoint of Technology Management, Transportation, Transshipment, and Assignment Problems, Problem Formulation, Goal Programming, Network Analysis, Dynamic Programming, Integer Programming and Nonlinear Programming, Probabilistic Modeling Markov Chain, Queuing Theory and Applications, Inventory Theory, Forecasting, Design Analysis and Simulation, Pareto Optimality and Tradeoff Curves.



EM-511 Total Quality Management
  Critical Principles and Procedures of Quality Management in a Competitive Global Environment, Contemporary Definitions of Quality, Construction Quality, Product Quality, Process Quality, Quality Economics, Quality Philosophies, Planning, Organizing and Controlling for Quality, Human Resource Strategies, QA and QC Tools.
EM-512 Project Evaluations and Feasibility Analysis
  Evaluation of Engineering Projects from the Engineering Management Perspective, Techniques for Capital Investment for Decision-making, Time Value of Money and the Concept of Equivalence, Present Worth, Annual and Rate of Return Analysis, Multiple Alternatives, Replacement Criteria, Tax Considerations, Breakeven Sensitivity Analysis, Project Evaluations under Uncertainty, Risk Sharing, Capital Budgeting, Cost of Capital Depreciation, Multi-criteria Decisions, Project Feasibility Analysis, Organisational Impacts, Societal Impacts and Environmental Impacts.
EM-513 Research Methods in Engineering Management
  Research Methods in Engineering and Technology Management, Statistical Techniques including Proper Selection, Use and Interpretation of Parametric and Non-parametric Tests along with Factor and Discriminate Analysis, Design of Experiments and Model Misspecification, Simulation in Engineering and Management Research and Practice.


EN-523 Analysis of Environmental Contaminants

Standard Methods for Testing Data Quality, Quality Control / Quality Assurance Procedures, Introduction to ISO 17025 (Laboratory Management), Collection of Samples, Preservation Techniques, Safety Rules for Laboratory, Calibration of Instruments.
Analytical Techniques: Colorimetry, Gravimetric, and Electro Chemical Methods, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry and Gas Chromatography.

Performance and Determination of Physical / Chemical Characteristics of Water, Wastewater, Solid Waste, Soils and Air, Microbiological Examinations of Water and Wastewater, Toxicity Tests for Aquatic Organisms.


EN-530 Environmental System Engineering
  Handling and Treatment of Engineering Data, Experimental Design, System Approach to Problem solving, Formulation of Management Models, Selected Applications in Water, Air and Soil Quality Management, Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
EN-531 Environmental Quality Management
  Basic Concepts of Environmental Management, Environmental Issues and Priorities, Environmental Management Approaches including EMS, Environmental Standards and Criteria Settling, Environmental Indicators and Indices, Environmental Information Systems, Environmental Organisation, Enforcement and Economic Aspects of Environmental Control, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Conflict Management.
EN-532 Civil Systems and the Environment
  Methods and Tools for Economic and Environmental Analysis of Civil Engineering Systems, Focus on Construction, Transportation,  Operation and Maintenance of the Building Infrastructure, Life-cycle Planning, Design, Costing, Financing and Environmental Assessment, Industrial Ecology, Design for Environment, Pollution Prevention, External Costs, Models and Software Tools for Life-cycle Economic and Environmental Inventory, Impact and Improvement Analysis of Civil Engineering Systems.
EN-533 Environmental Risk Assessment
  Multi-disciplinary Approaches required to develop Credible Risk Analysis within the Applicable National and Local Regulatory and Social Frameworks, Philosophical Contexts, Regulatory Framework and Economic Implications, Components of Risk and Performance Assessments including Source Term, Contaminant Transport, Exposure and Consequences, Computer Models and Case Studies.
EN-534 Environmental Law and Policy Development

An Overview of Environmental Law and its Development, Legal and Administrative Structures for their Implementation from the International, Regional and National Perspectives, Focus on Basic Pollution Laws relating to Air, Water, Waste, Hazardous Substance and Noise, Nature Conservation Laws and Laws Governing Environmental Impact Assessment, Pakistan Laws and the Laws of Selected Countries, Application of Policy Issues in Environmental Management and the Political Economy of Environmental Regulations.


EN-535 Ecology and Sustainability
  Fundamental Principles of Ecological Systems and Bio –diversity, Ecological Sustainable Development and Understanding the Effect of Human Impact on these Systems, Environmental Problems relating to Air, Water, Soil and Noise Pollution, Greenhouses and Study of the Disposal of Solid and Hazardous Wastes, Evaluation and Development of Strategies and Management Practices to achieve Sustainable Solutions for these Problems, Examination of  other Areas such as Ecotourism and Industrial Ecology including Land-use Planning in relation to Sustainable Development.
EN-536 Waste and Pollution Management
  Treatment of Waste Minimisation and Pollution Control in an Integrated and Comprehensive Manner Permitting Evaluation of Benefits of Waste Minimization to Industry and of Pollution Reduction in the Environment, Introduction to Leading Edge Technologies of Waste Minimization and Pollution Control, Membrane Processes, Raw Material Extraction and Refinement, Product Development including Design, Manufacture, Use, Re-use/Recycling, Environmental Auditing of the Product Life cycle, Assessment of Management Techniques for Solid / Hazardous and Liquid Wastes, Institutional Barriers to Improving the Technologies of Waste Technology and Management adopted in Domestic Waste, Industries, Agriculture and Mining.
EN-537 Water Quality Management
  Fundamentals of Water Quality including Water Bodies and their Natural Setting, Water Uses and Waste Input,  Water Quality Cause-Effects Relationships, Water Quality Parameters, Criteria and Standards, Principles of Water Quality Systems Analysis, both in the Formulation and Application of Water Quality Models, Engineering Controls and Socio-economic Concepts of Water Quality Management and Control, including Cost / Benefit Analysis and Management Modeling.
EN-538 Principles of Air Quality Management

Overview of Management Techniques for Addressing Air Quality Issues and Managing Air Quality Programs, Air Pollution Law, Air Pollutants and their Sources, Effects of Air Pollution on Health and Welfare, Sampling and Analysis of Air Pollutants, Standards, Regulations and Enforcement Systems, and Quality Assurance Principles.


EN-539 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure in Developing Countries
  Principles of Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Appropriate and Sustainable Technologies for Water and Sanitation, Incorporation of Technical, Socio-culture, Public Health and Economic Factors into the Planning, Design and Construction of Water and Sanitation Systems, Case Studies from Karachi and Rural Sindh, Service Pricing, Alternative Institutional Structures including Privatisation,  the Role of Consumer Demand and Community Participation in the Planning Process, Environmental and Public Health Considerations, and Strategies for Serving Low-income Households.
EN-540 Health Safety & Environmental Management
  Introduction to Environmental Health and Safety, Introduction to Occupational Safety and Environmental Protection, Elements of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSAS-18001), Exposure to Environmental Legislations, Regulations and Standards, Legal Compliance with Health, Safety & Environmental Standards, ISO 14001, EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Schemes) and Responsible Care, Communicable Diseases, Effects of Radiations on Humans. Technologies Applied to Integrated Pollution Control. Hazardous Waste Management, Risk Assessment, Mitigation Measures, Environmental Performance Evaluation.
EN-541 Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Management

Introduction and Background of Remote Sensing; Fundamental Concepts, Theory of Remote Sensing; Use of Relevant Image Processing Softwares, Examples and Applications in Environmental Engineering and Management including Air and Water Pollution Monitoring of Climate Changes, Checking Air Pollution Levels and Ecological and Environmental Degradation.